|Structure of the Tipitaka|
Source: Adapted from Archaic Translation by W.H.D. RouseEdit
JATAKA No. 180
"It is hard to do as good men do," etc.--This story the Master told while in Jetavana monastery, about alms given in common. Two friends at Shravasti city, young men of good position, made a collection, providing all the necessaties to give the Buddha and his followers. They invited them all, provided generosity for seven days, and on the seventh presented them with all their necessities. The eldest of these saluted the Master, and said, sitting beside him, "Sir, amongst the givers some gave much and some gave little; but let it bear much fruit for all alike." Then he offered the gift. The Master's reply was: "In giving these things to the Buddha and his followers, you, my lay friends, have done a great deed. In days of old wise men gave their generosity thus, and thus offered their gifts." Then at his request he told a story.
Once upon a time, when Brahmadatta was king of Benares, the Bodhisattva was born into a brahmin family of Kasi. When he grew up, he was thoroughly educated at Taxila; after which he renounced the world, and took up the religious(hermit)life, and with a band of disciples went to live in Himalaya. There he lived a long time.
Once having need to procure salt and spices, he went on pilgrimage through the country-side, and in course of it he arrived at Benares. There he settled in the king's park; and on the following morning he and his company went for begging to some village outside the gates. The people gave him alms. Next day he looked for alms in the city. The people were all glad to give him their alms. They clubbed together and made a collection; and provided plenty for the band of hermits. After the presentation their spokesman offered his gift with the same words as above. The Bodhisattva replied, "Friend, where faith (*1) is, no gift is small." And he returned his thanks in these verses following:
"It is hard to do as good men do, to give as they can give, Bad men can hardly imitate the life which good men live.
"And so, when good and evil go to pass away from earth, The bad are born in hell below, in heaven the good have birth."
This was his thanksgiving. He remained in the place for the four months of the rains, and then returned to Himalaya; where he practised all the modes of holy meditation, and without a single interruption continued in them until he went to heaven.
When this discourse came to an end the Master identified the Birth: "At that time," said he, "the Buddha's company was the body of ascetics, and I myself was their leader."