|Structure of the Tipitaka|
Source: Adapted from Archaic Translation by W.H.D. RouseEdit
JATAKA No. 194
"You gods(angels) are here," etc.--This story the Master told during a stay in Veluvana, how Devadatta tried to kill him. Hearing that Devadatta went about to kill him, he said, "Brethren(Monks), this is not the only time that Devadatta has been trying to kill me; he tried to do so before, and failed." Then he told them this story.
Once upon a time Brahmadatta was reigning in Benares, when the Bodhisattva came to life as the son of a householder who lived in a village not far from the city.
When he came to years, they fetched a young lady of family from Benares to marry him. She was a fair and lovely girl, beautiful as a nymph divine, graceful like a tender creeper, ravishing as a fairy. Her name was Sujata; she was faithful, virtuous, and dutiful. She always did duly her duty to her lord and his parents. This girl was very dear and precious to the Bodhisattva. So they two lived together in joy, and unity, and oneness of mind.
On a day Sujata said to her husband, "I have a wish to see my mother and father."
"Very good, my wife," replied he; "make ready food sufficient for the journey." He caused food of all sorts to be cooked, and placed the provisions in a waggon; since he drove the vehicle, he sat in front, and his wife behind. To Benares they went; and there they unyoked the waggon, and washed, and ate. Then the Bodhisattva yoked the oxen again, and sat in front; and Sujata, who had changed her dress and adorned herself, sat behind.
As the wagon entered the city, the king of Benares happened to be making a circuit round the place mounted upon the back of a splendid elephant; and he passed by that place. Sujata had come down out of the cart, and was walking behind on foot. The king saw her: her beauty so attracted his eye, that he became charmed of her. He called one of his suite. "Go," said he, "and find out whether the woman has a husband or no." The man did as he was asked, and came back to tell the king. "She has a husband, I am told," said he; "do you see that man sitting in the cart over there? He is her husband."
The king could not stifle his passion, and sin entered into his mind. "I will find some way of getting rid of this fellow," thought he, "and then I will take the wife myself." Calling to a man, he said, "Here, my good fellow, take this jewelled crest, and make as though you were passing down the street. As you go, drop it in the waggon of over there man." So saying, he gave him a jewelled crest, and dismissed him. The man took it, and went; as he passed the waggon, he dropped it in; then he returned, and reported to the king that it was done.
"I have lost a jewelled crest!" cried the king: the whole place was in an uproar.
"Shut all the gates!" the king gave order: "cut off the outlets! hunt the thief!" The king's followers obeyed. The city was all confusion! The other man, taking some others with him, went up to the Bodhisattva, crying--"Hullo! stop your cart! the king has lost a jewelled crest; we must search your cart! "And search it he did, till he found the jewel which he had put there himself. "Thief!" cried he, seizing the Bodhisattva; they beat him and kicked him; then binding his arms behind him they dragged him before the king, crying out--"See the thief who stole your jewel!" "Off with his head!" was the king's command. They lashed him with whips, and made him suffer at every street corner, and throw him out of the city by the south gates.
Now Sujata left the waggon, and stretching out her arms she ran after him, wailing as she went--"O my husband, it is I who brought you into this woful plight!" The king's servants throw the Bodhisattva upon his back, with the intent to cut off his head. When she saw this, Sujata thought upon her own goodness and virtue, thinking thus within herself; "I suppose there can be no spirit here strong enough to stay the hand of cruel and wicked men, who work mischief to the virtuous"; and weeping and wailing she repeated the first stanza:-
"No gods(angels) are here: they must be far away;-- No gods(angels), who over all the world hold sway: Now wild and violent men may work their will, For here is no one who could say them no."
As this virtuous woman thus mourned, the throne of Sakka(Indra), king of the gods(angels), grew hot as he sat upon it. "Who is it that would make me fall from my godhead?" thought Sakka(Indra). Then he was wary of what was happening. "The king of Benares," he thought, "is doing a very cruel deed. He is making the virtuous Sujata miserable; now I must go there!" So descending from the godworld, by his own power he dismounted the wicked king from the elephant on whose back he was riding, and laid him upon his back in the place of execution, but the Bodhisattva he caught up, and decorated him with all kinds of ornaments, and made the king's dress come upon him, and set him on the back of the king's elephant. The servants lifted the axe and hit off a head--but it was the king's head; and when it was off, they knew that it was the head of the king.
Sakka(Indra) took upon him a visible body, and came before the Bodhisattva, and appointed him to be king; and caused the place of chief queen to be given to Sujata. And as the courtiers, the brahmins and householders, and the rest, saw Sakka(Indra), king of the gods(angels), they rejoiced, saying, "The unrighteous king is killed! now have we received from the hands of Sakka(Indra) a king who is righteous!" And Sakka(Indra) stood poised in the air, and said, "This your righteous king from this time on shall rule in righteousness. If a king be unrighteous, God sends rain out of season, and in season he sends no rain: and fear of famine, fear of pestilence, fear of the sword--these three fears come upon men for him." Thus did he instruct them, and spoke this second verse:-
"For him no rain falls in the time of rain, But out of season pours and pours greatly. A king comes down from heaven upon the earth. See the reason why this man is killed."
Thus did Sakka(Indra) address a great assembly of folk, and then he went straight to his divine dwelling. And the Bodhisattva reigned in righteousness, and then went to the heaven.
The Master, having ended this discourse, thus identified the Birth:-"At that time Devadatta was the wicked king; Anuruddha was Sakka(Indra); Sujata was Rahul's mother (wife of Buddha); but the king by Sakka(Indra)'s gift was I myself."