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Tipitaka >> Vinaya Pitaka >> Mahavagga >> First Khandaka >> 1.21

Adapted from the Translation by T. W. Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg


THE MAHAVAGGA

FIRST KHANDHAKA(THE FORMATION OF THE ORDER OF BHIKKHUS)

Chapter-21:Everything is Burning - Teaching to A Thousand Bhikkus at Gayasisa.

1. And the Lord Buddha, after having dwelt at Uruvela as long as he thought fit, went forth to Gayasisa, accompanied by a great number of Bhikkhus, by one thousand Bhikkhus(Monks) who all had been Jatilas before. There near Gaya, at Gayasisa, the Lord Buddha dwelt together with those thousand Bhikkhus.

2. There the Lord Buddha thus addressed the Bhikkhus: 'Everything, O Bhikkhus(Monks), is burning. And how, O Bhikkhus(Monks), is everything burning?

'The eye, O Bhikkhus(Monks), is burning;

visible things are burning;

the mental impressions based on the eye are burning;

the contact of the eye (with visible things) is burning;

the sensation produced by the contact of the eye (with visible things), be it pleasant, be it painful, be it neither pleasant nor painful, that also is burning.

With what fire is it burning?

I declare unto you that it is burning with the fire of lust/craving,

with the fire of aversion,

with the fire of ignorance;

it is burning with (the anxieties of) birth, decay, death, grief, lamentation, suffering, dejection, and despair.

3. 'The ear is burning, sounds are burning, &c. . . . .

The nose is burning, odours are burning, &c. . . . .

The tongue is burning, tastes are burning, &c. . . . .

The body is burning, objects of contact are burning, &c. . . . .

The mind is burning, thoughts are burning, &c. . . . .

4. 'Considering this, O Bhikkhus(Monks), a disciple learned (in the scriptures), walking in the Noble Path, becomes weary of the eye, weary of visible things, weary of the mental impressions based on the eye, weary of the contact of the eye (with visible things), weary also of the sensation produced by the contact of the eye (with visible things), be it pleasant, be it painful, be it neither pleasant nor painful. He becomes weary of the ear (&c. . . . . , down to . . . . thoughts). Becoming weary of all that, he divests himself of passion; by absence of passion he is made free; when he is free, he becomes aware that he is free; and he realises that re-birth is exhausted; that holiness is completed; that duty is fulfilled; and that there is no further return to this world.'

When this exposition was propounded, the minds of those thousand Bhikkhus became free from attachment to the world, and were released from the Asavas(cravings).

Here ends the sermon on 'The Burning.'

End of the third Bhanavara concerning the Miracles done at Uruvela.

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