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Tipitaka >> Vinaya Pitaka >> Mahavagga >> First Khandaka >> 1.32

Adapted from the Translation by T. W. Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg


THE MAHAVAGGA

FIRST KHANDHAKA(THE FORMATION OF THE ORDER OF BHIKKHUS)

Chapter-32 : Assigning Achariyas(Teachers).

1. At that time some Bhikkhus whose upajjhayas were gone away, or had returned to the world, or had died, or were gone over to a (schismatic) faction, as they had no achariyas(teachers) and received no exhortation and instruction, went on their rounds for alms wearing improper under and upper garments (&c., as in chap. 25. 1-6, down to:), he thus addressed the Bhikkhus: 'I prescribe, O Bhikkhus(Monks), (that young Bhikkhus choose) an achariya(teacher).

'The achariya(teacher), O Bhikkhus(Monks), ought to consider the antevasika (i.e. disciple) as a son; the antevasika ought to consider the achariya(teacher) as a father. Thus these two, united by mutual reverence, confidence, and communion of life, will progress, advance, and reach a high stage in this doctrine and discipline.

'I prescribe, O Bhikkhus(Monks), that you live (the first) ten years in dependence (on an achariya(teacher)); he who has completed his tenth year may give a nissaya himself.

2. 'And let (the antevasika), O Bhikkhus(Monks), choose his achariya(teacher) in this way: Let him adjust his upper robe so as to cover one shoulder, salute the feet (of the achariya(teacher)), sit down squatting, raise his joined hands, and say: "Venerable Sir, be my achariya(teacher), I will live in dependence on you, Sir."' (This formula is repeated thrice.)

'(If the other answers): "Well" (&c., as in chap. 25. 7).

3. 'The antevasika, O Bhikkhus(Monks), ought to observe a strict conduct towards his achariya(teacher)' (&c., as in chap. 25. 8-24).

End of the duties towards an achariya(teacher).

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