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Tipitaka >> Vinaya Pitaka >> Mahavagga >> First Khandaka >> 1.38

Adapted from the Translation by T. W. Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg


THE MAHAVAGGA

FIRST KHANDHAKA(THE FORMATION OF THE ORDER OF BHIKKHUS)

Chapter-38 : Ordination - Those who Belonged to Other Schools and Those who Disobeyed.

1. At that time that Bhikkhu who, having formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, had (by reasoning) put to silence his upajjhaya, when he disobeyed & opposed him according to the Dhamma, and had returned to that same Titthiya school, came back again and asked the Bhikkhus for the upasampada ordination. The Bhikkhus told, &c.

'That Bhikkhu, O Bhikkhus(Monks), who having formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, has put to silence his upajjhaya when he disobeyed & opposed with him according to the Dhamma, and has returned to that same Titthiya school, must not receive the upasampada ordination, if he comes back. On other persons, O Bhikkhus(Monks), who have formerly belonged to Titthiya schools and desire to receive the pabbajja and upasampada ordinations in this doctrine and discipline, you ought to impose a parivasa (a probation-time) of four months.

2. 'And you ought, O Bhikkhus(Monks), to impose it in this way: Let him (who desires to receive the ordination) first cut off his hair and beard; let him put on yellow robes, adjust his upper robe so as to cover one shoulder, salute the feet of the Bhikkhus (with his head), and sit down squatting; then let him raise his joined hands, and tell him to say: "I take my refuge in the Buddha, I take my refuge in the Dhamma, I take my refuge in the Sangha. And for the second time, &c. And for the third time take I my refuge in the Buddha, and for the third time take I my refuge in the Dhamma, and for the third time take I my refuge in the Sangha."

3. 'Let that person, O Bhikkhus(Monks), who has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, approach the Sangha, adjust his upper robe so as to cover one shoulder, salute the feet of the Bhikkhus (with his head), sit down squatting, raise his joined hands, and say: "I, N. N., reverend Sirs,who have formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, desire to receive the upasampada ordination in this doctrine and discipline, and ask the Sangha, reverend Sirs, for a parivasa of four months." Let him ask thus a second time. Let him ask thus a third time.

'Then let a learned, competent Bhikkhu proclaim the following natti(motion) before the Sangha: "Let the Sangha, reverend Sirs, hear me, This person N, N ., who has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, desires to receive the upasampada ordination in this doctrine and discipline, He asks the Sangha for a parivasa of four months. If the Sangha is ready, let the Sangha impose on N. N., who has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, a parivas-a of four months, This is the natti(motion),

4. '"Let the Sangha, reverend Sirs, hear me, This person N. N., who has, &c. He asks the Sangha for a parivasa of four months, The Sangha imposes on N. N., who has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, a parivasa of four months. Let any one of the venerable brethren who is in favour of imposing a parivasa of four months on N. N., who has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, be silent, and any one who is not in favour of it, speak, A parivasa of four months has been imposed by the Sangha on N. N., who has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, The Sangha is in favour of it, therefore it is silent. Thus I understand."

5. 'And this, O Bhikkhus(Monks), is the way in which a person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, succeeds or fails in satisfying (the Bhikkhus and obtaining upasampada when the probation-time is over),

'What is the way, a Bhikkhus, in which a person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, fails in satisfying (the Bhikkhus)?

'In case, O.Bhikkhus(Monks), the person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, enters the village too early, and comes back (to the Vihara) too late, thus, O Bhikkhus(Monks), a person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, fails in satisfying (the Bhikkhus).

'And further, O Bhikkhus(Monks), in case the person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, frequents the society of harlots, or of widows, or of adult girls, or of eunuchs, or of Bhikkhunis(Nuns), thus also, O Bhikkhus(Monks), a person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, fails in satisfying (the Bhikkhus).

6. 'And further, O Bhikkhus(Monks), in case the person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, does not show himself skilled in the various things his fellow Bhikkhus have to do, not diligent, not able to consider how those things are to be done, not able to do things himself, not able to give directions to others, thus also, O Bhikkhus(Monks), &c.

'And further, O Bhikkhus(Monks), in case the person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, does not show keen zeal, when the doctrine is preached to him or when questions are put, in what belongs to morality, to contemplation, and to wisdom, thus also, O Bhikkhus(Monks), &c.

7. 'And further, O Bhikkhus(Monks), in case the person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, becomes angry, displeased, and dissatisfied, when people speak against the teacher, the belief, the opinions, the persuasion, the creed of the school he formerly belonged to; and is pleased, glad, and satisfied, when people speak against the Buddha, the Dhamma, and the Sangha; or he is pleased, glad, and satisfied, when people speak in praise of the teacher, &c.; and becomes angry, displeased, dissatisfied, when people speak in praise of the Buddha, the Dhamma, and the Sangha; this, O Bhikkhus(Monks), is a decisive moment for the failure of a person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school (in obtaining admission to the Sangha).

'Thus, O Bhikkhus(Monks), a person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, fails in satisfying (the Bhikkhus). When a person comes, O Bhikkhus(Monks), that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, and has thus failed in satisfying (the Bhikkhus), the upasampada ordination should not be conferred on him.

8-10. 'And what is the way, O Bhikkhus(Monks), in which a person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, succeeds in satisfying (the Bhikkhus)?

'In case, O Bhikkhus(Monks), the person that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, does not enter the village too early (&c., point by point the contrary of the preceding).

'When a person comes, O Bhikkhus(Monks), that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, and has thus succeeded in satisfying (the Bhikkhus), the upasampada ordination ought to be conferred on him.

11. 'If a person, O Bhikkhus(Monks), that has formerly belonged to a Titthiya school, comes (to the Bhikkhus) naked, it is incumbent on his upajjhaya to get a robe for him. If he comes with unshaven hair, the Sangha's permission ought to be asked for having his hair shaved.

'If fire-worshippers and Jatilas come to you, O Bhikkhus(Monks), they are to receive the upasampada ordination (directly), and no parivasa is to be imposed on them. And for what reason? These, O Bhikkhus(Monks), hold the doctrine that actions receive their reward, and that our deeds have their result (according to their moral merit).

'If a Sakya by birth, O Bhikkhus(Monks), who has belonged to a Titthiya school, comes to you, he is to receive the upasampada ordination (directly), and no parivasa is to be imposed on him. This exceptional privilege, O Bhikkhus(Monks), I grant to my kinsmen.'

Here ends the exposition on the ordination of persons that have formerly belonged to Titthiya schools.

End of the seventh Bhanavara.

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