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Tipitaka >> Vinaya Pitaka >> Mahavagga >> First Khandaka >> 1.57

Adapted from the Translation by T. W. Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg


THE MAHAVAGGA

FIRST KHANDHAKA(THE FORMATION OF THE ORDER OF BHIKKHUS)

Chapter-57 : Punishment for Novices.

1. At that time novices did not show reverence and confidence towards the Bhikkhus(Monks), and did not live in harmony with them. The Bhikkhus were annoyed, murmured, and became angry: 'How can the novices not show reverence and confidence towards the Bhikkhus, and not live in harmony with them?'

They told this thing to the Lord Buddha.

'I prescribe, O Bhikkhus(Monks), that you inflict punishment upon a novice in five cases: When he is intent on the Bhikkhus' receiving no alms; when he is intent on the Bhikkhus' meeting with misfortune; when he is intent on the Bhikkhus' finding no residence; when he abuses and reviles the Bhikkhus; when he causes divisions between Bhikkhus and Bhikkhus. I prescribe, O Bhikkhus(Monks), that in these five cases you inflict punishment upon a novice.'

2. Now the Bhikkhus thought: 'What punishment are we to inflict?'

They told this thing to the Lord Buddha.

'I prescribe, O Bhikkhus(Monks), that you forbid them (certain places, for instance, their own residences).'

At that time Bhikkhus(Monks) forbade novices the whole Sangharama. The novices, who were not admitted to the Sangharama, went away, or retumed to the world, or went over to Titthiya schools.

They told this thing to the Lord Buddha.

'Let them not, O Bhikkhus(Monks), forbid (novices) the whole Sangharama. He who does so, commits a dukkata offence. I prescribe, O Bhikkhus(Monks), that (the Bhikkhus) forbid (a novice) the place where he lives or which he uses to frequent.'

3. At that time Bhikkhus forbade the novices the use of (certain kinds of) food that is taken with the mouth. People, when they prepared rice-milk to drink or meals for the Sangha, said to the novices:

'Come, reverend Sirs, drink rice-milk; come, reverend Sirs, take food.' The novices replied: 'It is impossible, friends; the Bhikkhus have issued a forewarning (against us).' The people were annoyed, murmured, and became angry, thinking: 'How can their reverences forbid novices the use of all food that is taken with the mouth?'

They told this thing to the Lord Buddha.

'Let them not, O Bhikkhus(Monks), forbid (novices) food that is taken with the mouth. He who does so, commits a dukkata offence.'

End of the section about punishment (of novices).

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