Adapted from the Translation by T. W. Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg
FIRST KHANDHAKA(THE FORMATION OF THE ORDER OF BHIKKHUS)
Chapter-62 : Expulsion of Self-Assumed Monks.
1. At that time there was a certain person of an old family, whose kinsmen had died away; he was delicately nurtured. Now this person of an old family, whose kinsmen had died away, thought: 'I am delicately nurtured; I am not able to acquire new riches or to augment the riches which I possess. What shall I do in order that I may live a life of ease and without pain?'
Then this person of an old family, whose kinsmen had died away, gave himself the following answer: 'There are the Sakyaputtiya Samanas(monks), who keep comfortable precepts and live a comfortable life; they have good meals and lie down on beds protected from wind. What if I were to procure myself an alms-bowl and robes on my own account, and were to have my hair and beard cut off, to put on yellow robes, to go to the Arama(Monastery), and to live there with the Bhikkhus.'
2. Then that person of an old family, whose kinsmen had died away, procured himself an alms-bowl and robes on his own account, had his hair and beard cut off, put on yellow robes, went to the Arama(Monastery), and respectfully saluted the Bhikkhus. The Bhikkhus said to him: 'How many years, friend, have elapsed since your upasampada?'
'What does that mean, friends, "years elapsed since the upasampada?"'
'And who is your upajjhaya, friend?'
'What does that word upajjhaya mean, friends?'
The Bhikkhus(Monks) said to the venerable Upali: 'Pray, friend Upali, examine this ascetic.'
3. Then that person of an old family, whose kinsmen had died away, when being examined by the venerable Upali, told him the whole matter. The venerable Upali told this thing to the Bhikkhus; the Bhikkhus told this thing to the Lord Buddha.
'Let a person, O Bhikkhus(Monks), who has furtively attached himself to the Sangha, if he has not received the upasampada ordination, not receive it; if he has received it, let him be expelled (from the fraternity).
'Let a person, O Bhikkhus(Monks), who has gone over to the Titthiyas' ( &c., as in chap. 61).