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Tipitaka >> Vinaya Pitaka >> Mahavagga >> Fourth Khandaka >> 4.15

Adapted from the Translation by T. W. Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg


THE MAHAVAGGA

FOURTH KHANDHAKA(PAVARANA CEREMONY AT THE END OF THE RAINY SEASON,VASSA)

Chapter-15 : In Case of Dangers of Fire, Robbers, Beasts etc.

1. At that time a certain residence (of Bhikkhus) in the Kosala country was menaced on the day of Pavarana by savage people. The Bhikkhus were not able to perform Pavarana with the threefold formula.

They told this thing to the Lord Buddha.

'I allow you, O Bhikkhus(Monks), to perform Pavarana with the twofold formula.'

The danger from savage people became still more urgent. The Bhikkhus were not able to perform Pavarana with the twofold formula.

They told this thing to the Lord Buddha.

'I allow you, O Bhikkhus(Monks), to perform Pavarana with the onefold formula.'

The danger from savage people became still more urgent. The Bhikkhus were not able to perform Pavarana with the onefold formula.

They told this thing to the Lord Buddha.

'I allow, O Bhikkhus(Monks), that all the Bhikkhus who have kept Vassa together, perform Pavarana (by one common declaration).'

2. At that time in a certain district on the day of Pavarana the greater part of the night had passed away while (lay-)people were offering gifts (to the Bhikkhus). Now the Bhikkhus thought: 'The greater part of the night has passed away while the people were offering gifts. If the Sangha performs Pavarana with the threefold formula, it will not have finished the Pavarana when day breaks. Well, what are we to do?'

They told this thingto the Lord Buddha.

3. 'In case, O Bhikkhus(Monks), in a certain district on the day of Pavarana the greater part of the night has passed away while people were offering gifts (to the Bhikkhus). Now if those Bhikkhus think: "The greater part (&c., down to:) when day breaks," let a learned, competent Bhikkhu proclaim the following natti(motion) before the Sangha: "Let the Sangha, reverend Sirs, hear me. While people were offering gifts, the greater part of the night has passed away. If the Sangha performs Pavarana with the threefold formula, it will not have finished the Pavarana when day breaks. If the Sangha is ready, let the Sangha hold Pavarana with the twofold formula, or with the onefold formula, or by common declaration of all the Bhikkhus who have kept vassa(rains) together."

4. 'In case, O Bhikkhus(Monks), in a certain district on the day of Pavarana the greater part of the night has passed away while the Bhikkhus were in confusion: the Bhikkhus were reciting the Dhamma, those versed in the Suttantas were propounding the Suttantas, those versed in the Vinaya were discussing the Vinaya, the Dhamma preachers were talking about the Dhamma. Now if those Bhikkhus think: "The greater part of the night has passed away while the Bhikkhus were in confusion. If the Sangha performs Pavarana with the threefold formula, it will not have finished the Pavarana when day breaks," let a learned, competent Bhikkhu proclaim the following natti before the Sangha: "Let the Sangha, &c. The greater part of the night has passed away while the Bhikkhus were in confusion. If the Sangha performs Pavarana (&c. as in § 3)"'

5. At that time in a certain district in the Kosala country a great assembly of Bhikkhus had come together on the day of Pavarana, and there was but a small place protected from rain, and a great cloud was in the sky. Now the Bhikkhus thought: 'A great assembly of Bhikkhus has come together here, and there is but a small place protected from rain, and a great cloud is in the sky. If the Sangha performs Pavarana with the threefold formula, it will not have finished the Pavarana when this cloud will begin to rain. Well, what are we to do?'

They told this thing to the Lord Buddha.

6. 'In case, O Bhikkhus(Monks), in a certain district a great assembly of Bhikkhus has come together on the day ofPavarana, and there is but a small place protected from rain, and a great cloud is in the sky. Now if those Bhikkhus think . . . . (&c., as in § 3 to the end).

7. 'In case, O Bhikkhus(Monks), in a certain district on the day of Pavarana danger arises from kings, danger from robbers, danger from fire, danger from water, danger from human beings, danger from non-human beings, danger from beasts of prey, danger from creeping things, danger of life, danger against chastity(celibacy). Now if those Bhikkhus think: "Here is danger for our chastity. If the Sangha performs Pavarana with the threefold formula, it will not have finished the Pavarana when this danger for chastity will arise," let a learned, competent Bhikkhu . . . .' (&c., as in § 3 to the end).

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