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Tipitaka >> Vinaya Pitaka >> Mahavagga >> Fourth Khandaka >> 4.3

Adapted from the Translation by T. W. Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg


THE MAHAVAGGA

FOURTH KHANDHAKA(PAVARANA CEREMONY AT THE END OF THE RAINY SEASON,VASSA)

Chapter-3 : No. of Pavarana Days & No. of Services ; Pavarana for Sick.

1. Now the Bhikkhus thought: 'How many Pavarana (days) are there?'

They told this thing to the Lord Buddha.

'There are the two following Pavarana (days), O Bhikkhus: the fourteenth and the fifteenth (of the half month); these are the two Pavarana (days), O Bhikkhus.'

2. Now the Bhikkhus thought: 'How many Pavarana services are there?'

They told this thing to the Lord Buddha.

'There are the four following Pavarana services. O Bhikkhus(Monks), &c.'

3. Then the Lord Buddha thus addressed the Bhikkhus: 'Assemble, O Bhikkhus(Monks), the Sangha will hold Pavarana.' When he had spoken thus, a certain Bhikkhu said to the Lord Buddha: 'There is a sick Bhikkhu, Lord, who is not present.'

'I prescribe, O Bhikkhus(Monks), that a sick Bhikkhu shall declare (lit. give) his Pavarana. And let him declare it, O Bhikkhus(Monks), in this way: Let that sick Bhikkhu go to some Bhikkhu, adjust his upper robe so as to cover one shoulder, sit down squatting, raise his joined hands, and say: "I declare my Pavarana, take my Pavarana, perform the Pavarana for me." If he expresses this by gesture, or by word, or by gesture and word, the Pavarana has been declared. If he does not express this by gesture, &c., the Pavarana has not been declared.

4-5. 'If (the sick Bhikkhu) succeeds in doing so, well and good. If he do es not succeed, let them take that sick Bhikkhu, O Bhikkhus(Monks), on his bed or his chair to the assembly, &c.

'I prescribe, O Bhikkhus. that on the day of Pavarana he who declares his Pavarana, is to declare also his consent (to acts to be performed eventually by the Order), for (both declarations) are required for the Sangha (and for the validity of its acts).'

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