|Structure of the Tipitaka|
Source: Adapted from Archaic translation by W.H.D. RouseEdit
JATAKA No. 165
"Creature, your egg-born enemy," etc.--This story the Master told during a stay at Jetavana monastery, about two officers who had a quarrel. The circumstances have been given above in the Uraga Birth (*1). Here, as before, the Master said, "This is not the first time, Brethren(Monks), these two nobles have been reconciled by me; in former times I reconciled them too." Then he told an old story.
Once upon a time, when Brahmadatta was king of Benares, the Bodhisattva was born in a certain village as one of a brahmin family. When he came of age, he was educated at Taxila; then, renouncing the world he became a hermit, cultivated the Faculties and the Attainments, and lived in the region of Himalaya, living upon wild roots and fruits which he picked up in his goings to and fro.
At the end of his enclosured walk lived a Mongoose in an ant-heap; and not far off, a Snake lived in a hollow tree. These two, Snake and Mongoose, were perpetually quarrelling. The Bodhisattva preached to them the misery of quarrels and the blessing of peace, and reconciled the two together, saying, "You should cease your quarrelling and live together as one."
When the Serpent was away, the Mongoose at the end of the walk lay with his head out of the hole in his ant-hill, and his mouth open, and thus fell asleep, heavily panting his breath in and out. The Bodhisattva saw him sleeping there, and asking him, "Why, what are you afraid of?" repeated the first stanza:
"Creature , your egg-born enemy a faithful friend is made: Why sleep you there with teeth all bare? of what are you afraid?"
"Father," said the Mongoose, "never despise a former enemy, but always suspect him ": and he repeated the second stanza:
"Never despise an enemy nor ever trust a friend: A fear that springs from unfeared things uproots and makes an end."
"Fear not," replied the Bodhisattva. "I have persuaded the Snake to do you no harm; distrust him no more." With this advice, he proceeded to cultivate the Four Excellences, and set his face toward Brahma's upper heaven. And the others too passed away to fare hereafter according to their deeds.
Then this lesson ended, the Master identified the Birth: "The two noblemen were at that time Snake and Mongoose, and I was myself the ascetic."