|Structure of the Tipitaka|
Source: Adapted from Archaic translation by Robert ChalmersEdit
JATAKA No. 14
"There's nothing worse."
This story was told by the Master while at Jetavana monastery, about the Elder Monk Tissa, called Direct-alms the Less. Tradition says that, while the Master was living at the Bamboo-grove near Rajgraha city, the scion of a wealthy house, Prince Tissa by name, coming one day to the Bamboo-grove and there hearing a discourse from the Master, wished to join the Brotherhood(Monks Order), but, being refused because his parents would not give their consent, obtained their consent by following Rattha-pala's (*1) example and refusing food for seven days, and finally took the vows with the Master.
About a fortnight after admitting this young man, the Master went from the Bamboo-grove to Jetavana monastery, where the young nobleman undertook the Thirteen Obligations (*2) and passed his time in going his round for alms from house to house, omitting none. Under the name of the Elder Monk Tissa Direct-alms the Less, he became as bright and shining a light in Buddhism as the moon in the vault of heaven.
A festival having been proclaimed at this time at Rajgraha city, the Elder Monk's mother and father laid in a silver casket the trinkets he used to wear as a layman, and took it to heart, bewailing thus, "At other festivals our son used to wear this or that bravery as he kept the festival; and he, our only son, has been taken away by the sage Gautam(Buddha) to the town of Shravasti city. Where is our son sitting now or standing?" Now a slave-girl who came to the house, noticed the lady of the house weeping, and asked her why she was weeping; and the lady told her all.
"What, madam, was your son fond of?" "Of such and such a thing," replied the lady. "Well, if you will give me authority in this house, I'll fetch your son back." "Very good," said the lady in consent, and gave the girl her expenses and sent her with a large following, saying, "Go, and manage to fetch my son back."
So away the girl rode in a palanquin(covered manual carriage for carrying one person) to Shravasti city, where she took up her residence in the street which the Elder Monk used to frequent for alms. Surrounding herself with servants of her own, and never allowing the Elder Monk to see his father's people about, she watched the moment when the Elder Monk entered the street and at once gave him an alms of food and drink. And when she had bound him in the bonds of the craving of taste, she got him eventually to seat himself in the house, till she knew that her gifts of food as alms had put him in her power. Then she feigned sickness and lay down in an inner chamber.
In the due course of his round for alms at the proper time, the Elder Monk came to the door of her house; and her people took the Elder Monk's bowl and made him sit down in the house.
When he had seated himself, he said, "Where is the lay-disciple?" "She's ill, sir; she would be glad to see you."
Bound as he was by the bonds of the craving of taste, he broke his vow and obligation, and went to where the woman was lying.
Then she told him the reason of her coming, and so brought on him that, all because of his being hound by the bonds of the craving of taste, she made him give up the Brotherhood(Monks Order); when he was in her power, she put him in the palanquin and came back with a large following to Rajgraha city again.
All this was noised abroad. Sitting in the Hall of Truth, the Brethren discussed the matter, saying, "Sirs, it is reported that a slave-girl has bound in the bonds of the craving of taste, and has carried off, the Elder Monk Tissa the Less, called Direct-alms." Entering the Hall the Master sat down on his jewelled seat, and said, "What, Brethren, is the subject of discussion in this gathering?" They told him the incident.
"Brethren," said he, "this is not the first time that, in bondage to the craving of taste, he has fallen into her power; in past days too he fell into her power in like manner." And so saying, he told this story of the past.
Once upon a time when Brahmadatta was reigning in Benares he had a gardener named Sanjaya. Now there came into the king's garden a Wind-antelope, which fled away at the sight of Sanjaya, but the latter let it go without terrifying the timid creature. After several visits the antelope used to roam about in the garden. Now the gardener was in the habit of gathering flowers and fruits and taking them day by day to the king. Said the king to him one day, "Have you noticed anything strange, friend gardener, in the garden?" "Only, sir, that a Wind-antelope has come about the grounds." "Could you catch it, do you think?" "Oh, yes; if I had a little honey, I'd bring it right into your majesty's palace."
The king ordered the honey to be given to the man and he went off with it to the garden, where he first anointed with the honey the grass at the spots frequented by the antelope, and then hid himself. When the antelope came and tasted the honeyed grass it was so snared by the lust of taste that it would go nowhere else but only to the garden. Noticing the success of his snare, the gardener began gradually to show himself. The appearance of the man made the antelope take to flight for the first day or two, but growing familiar with the sight of him, it gathered confidence and gradually came to eat grass from the man's hand. He, noting that the creature's confidence had been won, first laid the path as thick as a carpet with broken branches; then tying a gourd full of honey on his shoulder and sticking a bunch of grass in his waist-cloth, he kept dropping wisps of the honeyed grass in front of the antelope till at last he got it right inside the palace. No sooner was the antelope inside than they shut the door. At sight of men the antelope, in fear and trembling for its life, rushed to and fro about the hall; and the king coming down from his chamber above, and seeing the trembling creature, said, "So timid is the Wind-antelope that for a whole week it will not revisit a spot where it has so much as seen a man; and if it has once been frightened anywhere, it never goes back there again all its life long. Yet, snared by the lust of taste, this wild thing from the jungle has actually come to a place like this. Truly, my friends, there is nothing viler in the world than this lust of taste." And he put his teaching into this stanza:-
There's nothing worse, men say, than taste to snare,
At borne or with one's friends. Lo! taste it was
That unto Sanjaya delivered up The jungle-haunting antelope so wild.
And with these words he let the antelope go back to its forest again.
When the Master had ended his lesson, and had repeated what he had said as to that Brother(Monk) having fallen into that woman's power in past days as well as in the present time, he explained the relation and identified the Birth, by saying, "In those days this slave-girl was Sanjaya, Direct-alms the Less was the wind-antelope, and I myself was the King of Benares."
(1)Ratthapala-sutta is in the Majjhima-Nikaya (no. 83),
(2)These are meritorious ascetic practices for conquering the passions, of which the third is an undertaking to eat no food except alms received direct from the giver in the Brother's(Monk's) alms-bowl. Hence "ticket-food" (Jataka (No. 5)) was inadmissible.