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Vinaya Pitaka

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Tipitaka >> Vinaya Pitaka

The Vinaya Pitaka, the first division of the Tipitaka, is the textual framework upon which the monastic community (Sangha) is built. It includes not only the rules governing the life of every Theravada bhikkhu (monk) and bhikkhuni (nun), but also a host of procedures and conventions of etiquette that support harmonious relations, both among the monastics themselves, and between the monastics and their lay supporters, upon whom they depend for all their material needs.

When the Buddha first established the Sangha, the community initially lived in harmony without any codified rules of conduct. As the Sangha gradually grew in number and evolved into a more complex society, occasions inevitably arose when a member would act in an unskillful way. Whenever one of these cases was brought to the Buddha's attention, he would lay down a rule establishing a suitable punishment for the offense, as a deterrent to future misconduct.


Patimokkha Edit

Factors opposing Mokkha(moksha, nirvana, liberation, salvation) and their elimination. The basic rules of conduct for bhikkhus and bhikkhunis.

Parajika: rules entailing expulsion from the Sangha. (4 for bhikkhus, 8 for bhikkhunis)

Sanghadisesa: rules entailing an initial and subsequent meeting of the Sangha. (13 for bhikkus, 17 for bhikkunis)

Aniyata: (indefinite) rules. (2 for bhikkus)

Nissaggiya pacittiya: rules entailing forfeiture and confession. (30 for both bhikkus and bhikkunis)

Pacittiya: rules entailing confession. (92 for bhikkus, 166 for bhikkunis)

Patidesaniya: rules entailing acknowledgement. (4 for bhikkus, 8 for bhikkunis)

Sekhiya: rules of training. (75 for both bhikkus and bhikkunis)

Adhikarana samatha: rules for settling disputes. (7 for both bhikkus and bhikkunis.)

KhandhakaEdit

1.MahavaggaEdit

In addition to rules of conduct and etiquette for the Sangha, this section contains several important sutta-like texts, including an account of the period immediately following the Buddha's Awakening, his first sermons to the group of five monks, and stories of how some of his great disciples joined the Sangha and themselves attained Awakening.

The Mahavagga is composed of 10 chapters (or khandhakas):

First KhandakaEdit

(THE FORMATION OF THE ORDER OF BHIKKHUS)
1.1 Chapter 1: Knowing Paticchasamuppada-Chain of Causation Under the Bodhi Tree.
1.2 Chapter 2: Buddha Meets a Priest Under the Ajapala Banyan tree.
1.3 Chapter 3: Buddha Protected by a Serpent under the Muchalinda tree.
1.4 Chapter 4: Buddha Meets First Disciples, Two Merchants under the Rajayatana tree.
1.5 Chapter 5:Request by Brahma(Arch Angel)Sahampati to Preach the Path of Immortality.
1.6 Chapter 6: Buddha Teaches Dhamma to his Former Five Associates.
1.7 Chapter 7: Buddha Gives Pabbajja(Initiation) to a Rich Man's Son Yasa.
1.8 Chapter 8: Buddha Initiates Mother of Yasa the First Female Lay Disciple.
1.9 Chapter 9: Story of the Ordination of the Four Laymen, the Friends of Yasa.
1.10 Chapter 10: Story of the Ordination of the Fifty Laymen,the Friends of Yasa.
1.11 Chapter 11: Story of Dejection of Mara(the Deathlord).
1.12 Chapter 12: Buddha allows Initiation by Other Bhikkus(Monks).
1.13 Chapter 13: Another Dejection of Mara(the Deathlord).
1.14 Chapter 14: Initiation of the Thirty Rich Young Companions.
1.15 Chapter 15: First Miracle-Buddha Subdues a Fierce Snake in Kassapa's Hermitage
1.16 Chapter 16: Second Miracle-Four Heavenly Kings visit Buddha
1.17 Chapter 17: Third Miracle-Sakra(Indra, King of Heaven) Visits Buddha .
1.18 Chapter 18
1.19 Chapter 19
1.20 Chapter 20
1.21 Chapter 21
1.22 Chapter 22
1.23 Chapter 23
1.24 Chapter 24
1.25 Chapter 25
1.26 Chapter 26
1.27 Chapter 27
1.28 Chapter 28
1.29 Chapter 29
1.30 Chapter 30
1.31 Chapter 31
1.32 Chapter 32
1.33 Chapter 33
1.34 Chapter 34
1.35 Chapter 35
1.36 Chapter 36
1.37 Chapter 37
1.38 Chapter 38
1.39 Chapter 39
1.40 Chapter 40
1.41 Chapter 41
1.42 Chapter 42
1.43 Chapter 43
1.44 Chapter 44
1.45 Chapter 45
1.46 Chapter 46
1.47 Chapter 47
1.48 Chapter 48
1.49 Chapter 49
1.50 Chapter 50
1.51 Chapter 51
1.52 Chapter 52
1.53 Chapter 53
1.54 Chapter 54
1.55 Chapter 55
1.56 Chapter 56
1.57 Chapter 57
1.58 Chapter 58
1.59 Chapter 59
1.60 Chapter 60
1.61 Chapter 61
1.62 Chapter 62
1.63 Chapter 63
1.64 Chapter 64
1.65 Chapter 65
1.66 Chapter 66
1.67 Chapter 67
1.68 Chapter 68
1.69 Chapter 69
1.70 Chapter 70
1.71 Chapter 71
1.72 Chapter 72
1.73 Chapter 73
1.74 Chapter 74
1.75 Chapter 75
1.76 Chapter 76
1.77 Chapter 77
1.78 Chapter 78
1.79 Chapter 79

Second KhandakaEdit

(THE UPOSATHA CEREMONY, AND THE PATIMOKKHA)
2.1 Chapter 1
2.2 Chapter 2
2.3 Chapter 3
2.4 Chapter 4
2.5 Chapter 5
2.6 Chapter 6
2.7 Chapter 7
2.8 Chapter 8
2.9 Chapter 9
2.10 Chapter 10
2.11 Chapter 11
2.12 Chapter 12
2.13 Chapter 13
2.14 Chapter 14
2.15 Chapter 15
2.16 Chapter 16
2.17 Chapter 17
2.18 Chapter 18
2.19 Chapter 19
2.20 Chapter 20
2.21 Chapter 21
2.22 Chapter 22
2.23 Chapter 23
2.24 Chapter 24
2.25 Chapter 25
2.26 Chapter 26
2.27 Chapter 27
2.28 Chapter 28
2.29 Chapter 29
2.30 Chapter 30
2.31 Chapter 31
2.32 Chapter 32
2.33 Chapter 33
2.34 Chapter 34
2.35 Chapter 35
2.36 Chapter 36

Third KhandakaEdit

(VASSA,SHELTER DURING THE RAINY SEASON)
3.1 Chapter 1
3.2 Chapter 2
3.3 Chapter 3
3.4 Chapter 4
3.5 Chapter 5
3.6 Chapter 6
3.7 Chapter 7
3.8 Chapter 8
3.9 Chapter 9
3.10 Chapter 10
3.11 Chapter 11
3.12 Chapter 12
3.13 Chapter 13
3.14 Chapter 14

Fourth KhandakaEdit

(THE PAVARANA CEREMONY AT THE END OF THE RAINY SEASON)
4.1 Chapter 1
4.2 Chapter 2
4.3 Chapter 3
4.4 Chapter 4
4.5 Chapter 5
4.6 Chapter 6
4.7 Chapter 7
4.8 Chapter 8
4.9 Chapter 9
4.10 Chapter 10
4.11 Chapter 11
4.12 Chapter 12
4.13 Chapter 13
4.14 Chapter 14
4.15 Chapter 15
4.16 Chapter 16
4.17 Chapter 17
4.18 Chapter 18

Fifth KhandakaEdit

(RULES FOR FOOT-CLOTHING, SEATS, VEHICLES, ETC.)
5.1 Chapter 1
5.2 Chapter 2
5.3 Chapter 3
5.4 Chapter 4
5.5 Chapter 5
5.6 Chapter 6
5.7 Chapter 7
5.8 Chapter 8
5.9 Chapter 9
5.10 Chapter 10
5.11 Chapter 11
5.12 Chapter 12
5.13 Chapter 13

Sixth KhandakaEdit

(ON MEDICAMENTS)
6.1 Chapter 1
6.2 Chapter 2
6.3 Chapter 3
6.4 Chapter 4
6.5 Chapter 5
6.6 Chapter 6
6.7 Chapter 7
6.8 Chapter 8
6.9 Chapter 9
6.10 Chapter 10
6.11 Chapter 11
6.12 Chapter 12
6.13 Chapter 13
6.14 Chapter 14
6.15 Chapter 15
6.16 Chapter 16
6.17 Chapter 17
6.18 Chapter 18
6.19 Chapter 19
6.20 Chapter 20
6.21 Chapter 21
6.22 Chapter 22
6.23 Chapter 23
6.24 Chapter 24
6.25 Chapter 25
6.26 Chapter 26
6.27 Chapter 27
6.28 Chapter 28
6.29 Chapter 29
6.30 Chapter 30
6.31 Chapter 31
6.32 Chapter 32
6.33 Chapter 33
6.34 Chapter 34
6.35 Chapter 35
6.36 Chapter 36
6.37 Chapter 37
6.38 Chapter 38
6.39 Chapter 39
6.40 Chapter 40

Seventh KhandakaEdit

(THE KATHINA CEREMONIES)
7.1 Chapter 1
7.2 Chapter 2
7.3 Chapter 3
7.4 Chapter 4
7.5 Chapter 5
7.6 Chapter 6
7.7 Chapter 7
7.8 Chapter 8
7.9 Chapter 9
7.10 Chapter 10
7.11 Chapter 11
7.12 Chapter 12
7.13 Chapter 13

Eighth KhandakaEdit

(THE DRESS OF THE BHIKKHUS)
8.1 Chapter 1
8.2 Chapter 2
8.3 Chapter 3
8.4 Chapter 4
8.5 Chapter 5
8.6 Chapter 6
8.7 Chapter 7
8.8 Chapter 8
8.9 Chapter 9
8.10 Chapter 10
8.11 Chapter 11
8.12 Chapter 12
8.13 Chapter 13
8.14 Chapter 14
8.15 Chapter 15
8.16 Chapter 16
8.17 Chapter 17
8.18 Chapter 18
8.19 Chapter 19
8.20 Chapter 20
8.21 Chapter 21
8.22 Chapter 22
8.23 Chapter 23
8.24 Chapter 24
8.25 Chapter 25
8.26 Chapter 26
8.27 Chapter 27
8.28 Chapter 28
8.29 Chapter 29
8.30 Chapter 30
8.31 Chapter 31
8.32 Chapter 32

Ninth KhandakaEdit

(VALIDITY AND INVALIDITY OF FORMAL ACTS OF THE SANGHA)
9.1 Chapter 1
9.2 Chapter 2
9.3 Chapter 3
9.4 Chapter 4
9.5 Chapter 5
9.6 Chapter 6
9.7 Chapter 7

Tenth KhandakaEdit

(SCHISMS AMONG THE SANGHA)
10.1 Chapter 1
10.2 Chapter 2
10.3 Chapter 3
10.4 Chapter 4
10.5 Chapter 5
10.6 Chapter 6


2.ChulavaggaEdit

(THE MINOR SECTION)
An elaboration of the bhikkhus' etiquette and duties, as well as the rules and procedures for addressing offences that may be committed within the Sangha.

The Chulavagga is composed of 12 chapters (or Khandakas):

First KhandhakaEdit

(I. THE TAJJANIYA KAMMA -ACT OF REBUKE)
1.1 Chapter 1
1.2 Chapter 2
1.3 Chapter 3
1.4 Chapter 4
1.5 Chapter 5
1.6 Chapter 6
1.7 Chapter 7
1.8 Chapter 8
1.9 Chapter 9
1.10 Chapter 10
1.11 Chapter 11
1.12 Chapter 12
1.13 Chapter 13
1.14 Chapter 14
1.15 Chapter 15
1.16 Chapter 16
1.17 Chapter 17
1.18 Chapter 18
1.19 Chapter 19
1.20 Chapter 20
1.21 Chapter 21
1.22 Chapter 22
1.23 Chapter 23
1.24 Chapter 24
1.25 Chapter 25
1.26 Chapter 26
1.27 Chapter 27
1.28 Chapter 28
1.29 Chapter 29
1.30 Chapter 30
1.31 Chapter 31
1.32 Chapter 32
1.33 Chapter 33
1.34 Chapter 34
1.35 Chapter 35

Second KhandhakaEdit

(PROBATION AND PENANCE)
2.1 Chapter 1
2.2 Chapter 2
2.3 Chapter 3
2.4 Chapter 4
2.5 Chapter 5
2.6 Chapter 6
2.7 Chapter 7
2.8 Chapter 8
2.9 Chapter 9

Third KhandhakaEdit

(PROBATION AND PENANCE - CONTINUED)
3.1 Chapter 1
3.2 Chapter 2
3.3 Chapter 3
3.4 Chapter 4
3.5 Chapter 5
3.6 Chapter 6
3.7 Chapter 7
3.8 Chapter 8
3.9 Chapter 9
3.10 Chapter 10
3.11 Chapter 11
3.12 Chapter 12
3.13 Chapter 13
3.14-3.22 Chapter 14-22
3.23-3.25 Chapter 23-25
3.26 Chapter 26
3.27 Chapter 27
3.28 Chapter 28
3.29 Chapter 29
3.30 Chapter 30
3.31 Chapter 31
3.32 Chapter 32
3.33 Chapter 33
3.34 Chapter 34
3.35 Chapter 35
3.36 Chapter 36

Fourth KhandhakaEdit

(THE SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES AMONG THE FRATERNITY)
4.1 Chapter 1
4.2-4.3 Chapter 2-3
4.4 Chapter 4
4.5 Chapter 5
4.6 Chapter 6
4.7 Chapter 7
4.8 Chapter 8
4.9 Chapter 9
4.10 Chapter 10
4.11 Chapter 11
4.12 Chapter 12
4.13 Chapter 13
4.14 Chapter 14

Fifth KhandhakaEdit

(ON THE DAILY LIFE OF THE BHIKKHUS)
5.1 Chapter 1
5.2 Chapter 2
5.3 Chapter 3
5.4 Chapter 4
5.5 Chapter 5
5.6 Chapter 6
5.7 Chapter 7
5.8 Chapter 8
5.9 Chapter 9
5.10 Chapter 10
5.11 Chapter 11
5.12 Chapter 12
5.13 Chapter 13
5.14 Chapter 14
5.15 Chapter 15
5.16 Chapter 16
5.17 Chapter 17
5.18 Chapter 18
5.19 Chapter 19
5.20 Chapter 20
5.21 Chapter 21
5.22 Chapter 22
5.23 Chapter 23
5.24 Chapter 24
5.25 Chapter 25
5.26 Chapter 26
5.27 Chapter 27
5.28 Chapter 28
5.29 Chapter 29
5.30 Chapter 30
5.31 Chapter 31
5.32 Chapter 32
5.33 Chapter 33
5.34 Chapter 34
5.35 Chapter 35
5.36 Chapter 36
5.37 Chapter 37

Sixth KhandhakaEdit

(ON DWELLINGS AND FURNITURE)
6.1 Chapter 1
6.2 Chapter 2
6.3 Chapter 3
6.4 Chapter 4
6.5 Chapter 5
6.6 Chapter 6
6.7 Chapter 7
6.8 Chapter 8
6.9 Chapter 9
6.10 Chapter 10
6.11 Chapter 11
6.12 Chapter 12
6.13 Chapter 13
6.14 Chapter 14
6.15 Chapter 15
6.16 Chapter 16
6.17 Chapter 17
6.18 Chapter 18
6.19 Chapter 19
6.20 Chapter 20
6.21 Chapter 21

Seventh KhandhakaEdit

(DISSENSIONS IN THE ORDER)
7.1 Chapter 1
7.2 Chapter 2
7.3 Chapter 3
7.4 Chapter 4
7.5 Chapter 5

Eighth KhandhakaEdit

(DUTIES OF THE BHIKKHUS TOWARDS ONE ANOTHER)
8.1 Chapter 1
8.2 Chapter 2
8.3 Chapter 3
8.4 Chapter 4
8.5 Chapter 5
8.6 Chapter 6
8.7 Chapter 7
8.8 Chapter 8
8.9-8.14 Chapter 9-14

Ninth KhandhakaEdit

(ON EXCLUSION FROM THE PATIMOKKHA CEREMONY)
9.1 Chapter 1
9.2 Chapter 2
9.3 Chapter 3
9.4 Chapter 4
9.5 Chapter 5

Tenth KhandhakaEdit

(THE DUTIES OF BHIKKHUNIS(NUNS) )
10.1 Chapter 1
10.2 Chapter 2
10.3 Chapter 3
10.4 Chapter 4
10.5 Chapter 5
10.6 Chapter 6
10.7 Chapter 7
10.8 Chapter 8
10.9 Chapter 9
10.10 Chapter 10
10.11-10.15 Chapter 11-15
10.16 Chapter 16
10.17 Chapter 17
10.18 Chapter 18
10.19 Chapter 19
10.20 Chapter 20
10.21 Chapter 21
10.22 Chapter 22
10.23 Chapter 23
10.24 Chapter 24
10.25 Chapter 25
10.26 Chapter 26
10.27 Chapter 27

Eleventh KhandhakaEdit

(ON THE COUNCIL OF RAJAGAHA)
11.1 Chapter 1

Twelfth KhandhakaEdit

(ON THE COUNCIL OF VESHALI)
12.1 Chapter 1
12.2 Chapter 2

pavarana Edit

A recapitulation of the previous sections, with summaries of the rules classified and re-classified in various ways for instructional purposes. This volume is a manual, compiled in the form of a catechism, for reviewing one's knowledge of the Discipline.

1. Patimokkha
2. Bhikkhuni Patimokkha

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